Paolo proietti ha scritto:Leggendo il Tirumantiram di Tirumular, mi è venuto spesso da sorridere.
Ripensavo alle discussioni accesissime su Patanjali o sulle differenze tra Raja Yoga e Hatha Yoga avute negli anni scorsi, sulle pagine di questo forum.
Il Tirumantiram è un testo molto esplicito che parla delle origini dello yoga, dei primi Siddha, tra cui Patanjali, e delle tecniche operative dei primi yogin.
Tirumular, amico e "collega di Patanjali", riprende le otto membra dello yoga (gli Ashtanga degli yoga sutra) e li spiega.
possibile che il Santo Tirumular e le istituzioni che hanno tradotto e citato più volte il suo testo (il Ramakrishna Math e l'Himalayan Academy of Yoga, per esempio) siano giudicati non attendibili da molti, ma a me viene da sorridere ugualmente.
Di seguito incollo i versi dedicati agli Asana, al Pranayama, al Pratihara
Sono sicurissimo che molti storceranno il naso e citando questo e quel commentatore diranno che Il raja yoga è una roba diversa, che lo hatha Yoga è una semplice ginnastica ecc. ecc.
Oppure diranno che si tratta solo di un punto di vista di una particolare scuola, che PAtanjali appartiene a tutti e ognuno lo interpreta come gli pare.
Io mi limito a riprendere la prima traduzione in inglese del Tirumativar fatta dalla Himalayan Academy ((chi vuole può confrontarla con quella del 1991, pubblicata dal Ramakrishna math -SBN 10: 8171203833 / ISBN 13: 9788171203833-) ed a leggere, sorridendo, la descrizione di kukkudasana, considerata posizione fondamentale da Patanjali, Viaghrapada e gli altri Siddha
o la maniera di risvegliare Kundalini.
Che poi Tirumular, amico e collega di Patanjali sia meno attendibile di uno studioso moderno che di certo Patanjali non lo ha conosciuto è possibile.
Tutto è possibile, ovviamente, ma a me viene da sorridere.....
558: Prominent Asanas Numerous are the asanas With Padmasana to commence; Six among them are rated high With Svastika as faultless seventh He who postures on these asanas seven, Verily becomes Master, for sure.
559: Padmasana--Lotus Posture Sit cross-legged with soles of feet upturned Close draw the feet on thighs opposite, Stretch then the hands afore on feet That Padmasana is, famed far on earth.
560: Bhadrasana--Happy Posture Place the right leg over the left Stretch the hands over calf of leg Sit in posture firm and erect That indeed is Bhadrasana.
561: Kukkudasana--Cock Posture Lift the feet on to the thighs, Control breath and on elbows raise your body Thus seated firm and immobile, Thou do reach the Kukkudasana.
562: Simhasana--Lion Posture Stretch the hands over the calf of leg, Lift the mouth upward,
Fix thy gaze on tip of nose, Thus do thou Simhasana posture.
563: Important Asanas are Seven Bhadra, Gomukha, Padma and Simha, Svastika, Veera, and Sukha These seven are asanas eminent and ancient; Numerous as, eight, eighty and hundred, however, Are asanas in all reckoned.
564: Master the Steed of Breath The Jiva is the master of senses five; He is the head of the body habitat; There is a steed he rides to his destined goal; The masterly one the steed carries, The feeble one it throws away --That steed the Prana breath is.
565: Control of Inhalation and Exhalation A goodly one is Jiva He has steeds two, But he knows not how to master them If the lordly Guru lends His Grace, The steeds will tame become.
566: Breath Control Activates Body Faster than bird that steed flies, Far headier than wine the pleasure it gives; It infuses vigour, dispells laziness True we say this, let the wise listen.
567: Breath Control Yields Life Nectar Let Prana merge in Mind And together the two be stilled Then no more shall birth and death be;
Therefore, learn to direct breath In streams alternating left and right And in silentness chant "Aum" Then shall you sevile of the nectar of life.
568: Puraka Kumbhaka Resaka Alternated--Cleansing of Nadis Purakam is to inhale by left nostril matras six and ten Kumbhakam is to retain that breath for matras four and sixty Resakam is to exhale thereafter for matras two and thirty Thus alternate from left to right and right to left With Kumbhakam in between.
569: Breath Control Makes Body Light as a Carpenter-Bee If you control the breath within, However old your body, Young and crystal-hard it turns And with the goodly Guru's benign Grace, Well may you wing your way in heaven As unto a carpenter-bee.
570: Breath Control Gives Supreme Strength Wherever you be, there control breath The body then will perish not As you inhale, control and exhale in measure prescribed, Well may you become a trimphant Lord With the conch of victory, Your achievement heralding.
571: Knowledge of Science of Breath Leads to Immortality Inhalation, Exhalation, and Retention both ways The Science of Breath thus consisting They know not; They who know the Science of Breath Are destined to spurn the God of Death.
572Effect of Puraka, Kumbhaka Resaka In Purakam inhale breath deep To pervade up, down and middle In Kumbhakam retain it around the navel center; In Resakam it is absorbed within in due measure They who practise the Science of Breath thus Reach the Grace of Lord Who consumed poison deadly.
573: Time Duration of Inhaling Retaining and Exhaling Breath Inhaling six and ten matras by left nostril Retaining four and sixty in the navel Exhaling two and thirty by the right nostril, They who control breath thus, chanting Aum Have verily seen the Light of Truth. 574: How to Practise Pranayama Inhale deep and steady, That prana fills the nadis ten; Exhale slow That the body does not stir; Retain prana breath And downward move Apana breath Thus sit erect and vanquish Death.
575: Purify Body By Breath Control The breath within rises And wanders as it lists; Control that and purify within; Then shall your limbs glow red Your hair turn dark And God within shall leave you never.
576: Inhale 12 Matras; Retain 4 Matras The Prana breath That is damsel within body-house Runs in and out constant; If twelve matras inhaled Eight matras exhaled, 136
The four matras retained Shall make you divine in Siva.
577: Learn to Control Breath and Master Death The elephant that is twelve-matra breath Is awake night and day; The mahout (Jiva) knows not elephant; When mahout learns to control elephant The elephant knows not night and day; (In eternity it exists.)
578: Blessings of Mind Withdrawal Step by step, practise mind's withdrawal And look inward; One by one many the good you see within; And may you then meet the Lord, Now and here below Whom the ancient Vedas still searches Everywhere.
579: Retain Breath Below Navel Region They know not the divine art Of fixing breath twelve matra long, Below the navel region; Once they learn that art The Lord enters within, shouting in joy.
580: Where Kundalini Is Two finger length above the anus, Two finger length below the sex organ Four finger length below the navel visible, There within is Kundalini A flaming fire lambent.
581: Breath Control for Maha Siddha Yoga
If below the nose-tip You look twelve-finger length, And then concentrate and meditate (on navel centre), The mighty Siddha yoga shall yours be And imperishable shall your body be.
582: When Light Appears If thus meditating, Luminescence you glimpse at the Eye-brow centre Know you are destined for bliss unalloyed; If at the Throat's Center Lunar light you behold, Then will your body, In divine joy intoxicated be.
583: What Kundalini Yoga is Close the Muladhara orifice below Center your thought on Sahasrara orifice above And on that meditate in oneness; Fix your dagger like vision on that Void Vast; Thus practising Yoga, You shall vanquish Time.
584: Kundalini Yoga Destroys Birth Two finger length above the anus Two finger length below the sex organ, Lies the Kundalini Fire If you can meditate on the light That burns there, You shall be one with Lord, Who all births destroys.
585: Pratyahara By thought concentrated, Know clearly apart Pasa and Pati Luminescent, Then destroy that Pasa;
Melt in your heart for Lord, Attain and contemplate on Jnana, And look inward toward Him; These the precious Ways of Pratiyahara are.
586: Pranayama Helps Pratyahara If breath that is exhaled Is contained within The thoughts too are contained there And the Lord shall leave you not.
587: What Pratyhara Can Lead to In the act of concentrated meditation All world will be visioned; Be rid of the despicable darkness And seek Lord, If your thoughts be centered firm You shall Divine Light see And immortal thereafter be.
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